Clear Search sequence regions

Recent evidence indicates that both leptin and eicosapentaenoic acids (EPA) improve insulin sensitivity. In the present study, we examined the effect of EPA on endogenous leptin expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes to clarify whether the EPA's effect is exerted through leptin expression. EPA caused a time- and dose-dependent increase of leptin mRNA levels in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Leptin mRNA expression was significantly increased up to 309.4 +/- 17.0% of the control by 24 h (P < 0.01; n = 6). Leptin secretion was also significantly increased up to 193.3 +/- 12.1% of the control by 24 h (P < 0.01; n = 6). EPA is a ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) with the highest affinity to PPARalpha. We examined the effect on leptin expression of clofibrate, a ligand for PPARalpha, bezafibrate, for PPARbeta, or troglitazone, for PPARgamma, to clarify whether these ligands for PPARs could mimic EPA-induced stimulation of leptin expression. Neither clofibrate nor bezafibrate affected leptin mRNA expression, whereas troglitazone significantly suppressed leptin mRNA expression. On the other hand, inhibition by 6-diazo-5-oxo-l-norleucine of the rate-limiting enzyme in hexosamine biosynthesis blunted EPA-induced stimulation of leptin mRNA expression and its secretion. These data suggest that EPA up-regulates leptin gene expression and its secretion probably through a hexosamine biosynthetic pathway. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.


M Murata, H Kaji, Y Takahashi, K Iida, I Mizuno, Y Okimura, H Abe, K Chihara. Stimulation by eicosapentaenoic acids of leptin mRNA expression and its secretion in mouse 3T3-L1 adipocytes in vitro. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2000 Apr 13;270(2):343-8

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 10753628

View Full Text