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MIST1 is a transcription factor expressed in pancreatic acinar cells and other serous exocrine cells. Mice harboring a targeted deletion of the Mist1 gene (Mist1(-/-)) exhibit alterations in acinar regulated exocytosis and aberrant Ca(2+) signaling that are normally controlled by acinar cell Ca(2+)-ATPases. Previous studies indicated that total sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPases (SERCA) and plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPases (PMCA) remained unaffected in Mist1(-/-) acinar cultures. Therefore, we have assessed the expression of Atp2c2, the gene that encodes the secretory pathway Ca(2+)-ATPase 2 (SPCA2). We revealed a dramatic decrease in pancreatic expression of Atp2a2 mRNA and SPCA2 protein in Mist1(-/-) mice. Surprisingly, this analysis indicated that the acinar-specific Atp2c2 mRNA is a novel transcript, consisting of only the 3' end of the gene and the protein and localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. Expression of SPCA2 was also lost in Mist1(-/-) secretory cells of the salivary glands and seminal vesicles, suggesting that Atp2c2 transcription is regulated by MIST1. Indeed, inducible MIST1 expression in Mist1(-/-) pancreatic acinar cells restored normal Atp2c2 expression, supporting a role for MIST1 in regulating the Atp2c2 gene. Based on these results, we have identified a new Atp2c2 transcript, the loss of which may be linked to the Mist1(-/-) phenotype. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Victoria C Garside, Agnes S Kowalik, Charis L Johnson, Daniel DiRenzo, Stephen F Konieczny, Christopher L Pin. MIST1 regulates the pancreatic acinar cell expression of Atp2c2, the gene encoding secretory pathway calcium ATPase 2. Experimental cell research. 2010 Oct 15;316(17):2859-70

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PMID: 20599950

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