Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

The particle size distribution of chlorinated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (ClPAHs) in particulate matter (PM) in Japan is examined for the first time. PM was collected using a PM0.1 air sampler with a six-stage filter. PM was collected in October 2014 and January 2015 to observe potential seasonal variation in the atmospheric behavior and size of PM, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and ClPAHs. We found that the concentration of PAHs and ClPAHs between 0.5-1.0 μm and 1.0-2.5 μm markedly increase in January (i.e., the winter season). Among the ClPAHs, 1-ClPyrene and 6-ClBenzo[a]Pyrene were the most commonly occurring compounds; further, approximately 15% of ClPAHs were in the nanoparticle phase (<0.1 μm). The relatively high presence of nanoparticles is a potential human health concern because these particles can easily be deposited in the lung periphery. Lastly, we evaluated the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligand activity of PM extracts in each size fraction. The result indicates that PM < 2.5 μm has the strong AhR ligand activity.


Kensaku Kakimoto, Haruna Nagayoshi, Yoshimasa Konishi, Keiji Kajimura, Takeshi Ohura, Takeshi Nakano, Mitsuhiko Hata, Masami Furuuchi, Ning Tang, Kazuichi Hayakawa, Akira Toriba. Size Distribution of Chlorinated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Atmospheric Particles. Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology. 2017 Jan;72(1):58-64

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 27847976

View Full Text