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House dust mites (HDMs) such as Dermatophagoides farinae and D. pteronyssinus represent major causes of perennial allergy. HDM proteomes are currently poorly characterized, with information mostly restricted to allergens. As of today, 33 distinct allergen groups have been identified for these 2 mite species, with groups 1 and 2 established as major allergens. Given the multiplicity of IgE-reactive mite proteins, potential additional allergens have likely been overlooked. To perform a comprehensive characterization of the transcriptomes, proteomes and allergomes of D. farinae and D. pteronyssinus in order to identify novel allergens. Transcriptomes were analyzed by RNA sequencing and de novo assembly. Comprehensive mass spectrometry-based analyses proteomes were combined with two-dimensional IgE reactivity profiling. Transcripts from D. farinae and D. pteronyssinus were assembled, translated into protein sequences and used to populate derived sequence databases in order to inform immunoproteomic analyses. A total of 527 and 157 proteins were identified by bottom-up MS analyses in aqueous extracts from purified HDM bodies and fecal pellets, respectively. Based on high sequence similarities (>71% identity), we also identified 2 partial and 11 complete putative sequences of currently undisclosed D. pteronyssinus counterparts of D. farinae registered allergens. Immunoprofiling on 2D-gels revealed the presence of unknown 23 kDa IgE reactive proteins in both species. Following expression of non-glycosylated recombinant forms of these molecules, we confirm that these new allergens react with serum IgEs from 42% (8/19) of HDM-allergic individuals. Using combined transcriptome and immunoproteome approaches, we provide a comprehensive characterization of D. farinae and D. pteronyssinus allergomes. We expanded the known allergen repertoire for D. pteronyssinus and identified two novel HDM allergens, now officially referred by the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) Nomenclature Subcommittee as Der f 36 and Der p 36.

Citation

Véronique Bordas-Le Floch, Maxime Le Mignon, Laetitia Bussières, Karine Jain, Armelle Martelet, Véronique Baron-Bodo, Emmanuel Nony, Laurent Mascarell, Philippe Moingeon. A combined transcriptome and proteome analysis extends the allergome of house dust mite Dermatophagoides species. PloS one. 2017;12(10):e0185830

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PMID: 28982170

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