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Administration of clofibrate reduced the maximal excretion rate of bile sulfobromophthalein (BSP) in rats but left that of phenol-3,6-dibromophthalein (DBSP) unchanged. This decrease in liver transport of BSP was due to reduced bile excretion of conjugated BSP. Hepatic uptake and storage of this dye were not impaired. Liver glutathione S-transferase activity in vitro, measured with BSP, 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene (DCNB) or 1-chloro-2, 4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) was significantly reduced. This alteration in liver conjugating activity was probably not related to a modification of the hepatic GSH pool, since the GSH level was unchanged or only increased slightly after clofibrate treatment. Detection of this inhibition required at least two daily doses of clofibrate. Inhibition was dose-related and lasted for several days after cessation of the drug. In clofibrate-treated rats, Lineweaver-Burk plots showed a reduced Vmax for both the BSP and GSH substrates. These results suggest that clofibrate decreases hepatobiliary transport of BSP by lowering glutathione S-transferase activity in the liver.

Citation

A Foliot, D Touchard, C Celier. Impairment of hepatic glutathione S-transferase activity as a cause of reduced biliary sulfobromophthalein excretion in clofibrate-treated rats. Biochemical pharmacology. 1984 Sep 15;33(18):2829-34

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PMID: 6477642

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